Hi everyone, I’m Jazmin and you’re here Break Through in English Today’s lesson … how to be sick in English Wait that sounds a bit funny. What I mean is how to express that you’re sick in English. Cue titles! The only thing worse than being sick is not being able to properly complain about being sick. Am I right? So to begin we’re going to talk about being sick in general, and then we’re going to move on to more specific types of illnesses Just a warning: talking about being sick in English is full of your favourite English grammar point… phrasal verbs! Yippee. Good luck. When I talk about being sick, I’m talking specifically about the type of illness that you contract or get during the flu season Flu season? Yes, the part of the year where literally everyone gets a cold. If you live in a country like Canada where winters can get down To minus 40 degrees you know exactly what I’m talking about Cold and flu are both nouns and they’re usually used in the singular. The only difference is that cold is always used with the article “a” For example I have a cold; whereas flu is always used with the article “the” I have the flu. Weird In English we say catch a cold Not actually This doesn’t mean that you literally go out and capture a cold it simply means to get a cold. So to review: three ways you can talk about having a cold I have a cold, I got a cold, or I caught a cold When you feel like you’re starting to get to sick you can use the expression “I’m coming down with something” For example I’m coming down with the flu. I’m coming down with the flu A more informal expression is I’m not feeling so hot This doesn’t literally mean you feel cold or unattractive. It simply means you don’t feel well If you want to be even more creative you can say I’m feeling under the weather, which also means I’m not feeling well. Or if you’re really sick, you can use the expression “sick as a dog” Which is a bit odd because dogs usually have a pretty good immune system. Finally, a really old and archaic expression is “to fall ill” Help!! I’ve fallen ill my lord! You’ll probably only encounter this in literature or other formal writing Fever means a high body temperature usually above 38 degrees So it’s kind of like the inside of your body is on a tropical vacation Must be nice If you feel like you have a fever you can say I feel feverish, my temperature is high, I’m burning up A super high fever may result in delirium Which means that your thoughts and your speech may be incoherent and you might have weird hallucinations or dreams My nose runs more than I do You might know the word congestion from the phrase traffic congestion Which is when all the cars are backed up on the road due to a traffic jam Damn you congested traffic This word can also be used to describe your sinuses, which are the tiny tubes that connect right up to your nasal cavity Damn you congested nose Some more informal ways of describing congestion are Clogged up, stuffed up, or blocked up Gross The guilty parties that make us sick are snot: the stuff that comes out of your nose and Phlegm: the stuff that comes out of your throat These substances are both referred to as mucus Bleh! When you get rid of snot by using a Kleenex this is called blowing your nose Side note: we usually say Kleenex instead of the word tissue. In North America we often use the brand name instead of the neutral noun For example: Q-tips, Chapstick, and Scotch tape If your head hurts, you have a headache Aw, I’m sorry to hear that. You can say have a headache or get a headache. For example, Do you have a headache? Why yes, I get headaches all the time. If the pain is really bad you can say My head is pounding or I have a splitting headache If the headache is really really bad and it lasts for many hours and causes problems with your vision, this is called a migraine In my opinion, having the stomach flu is the absolute worst And I am a complete baby about it I hate puking Luckily there are tons of ways to complain about having the stomach bug. If you’re feeling sick you can say I feel nauseous, I feel sick to my stomach, or I think I have the stomach bug if you actually throw up You can use any of the following verbs. These are in decreasing order of politeness You can say get sick vomit puke barf or upchuck Grandma, I’m really sorry, but I accidentally got sick all over the carpet last night So I was like totally out with my buddies, and I like upchucked all over the carpet man One final word of advice if you hear someone say, I’m going to be sick You might want to move out of the way because I’m going to be sick means I’m going to throw up Okay, so now you finally beat the sickness – you’re healthy, you’re well, and fully recovered Yay! To express this in English you can use the phrasal verb get over a cold. For example: I hope to get over this cold soon Congratulations, you officially know how to complain about all of your symptoms in English Although, I sure hope you don’t have to use any of these phrases anytime soon If you liked this video, please subscribe, please comment below, and please share. There’ll be more awesome content coming your way. Bye!!