Periorbital puffiness

Periorbital puffiness, also known as “puffy
eyes” or swelling around the eyes, refers to the appearance of swelling in the tissues
around the eyes, called the orbits. It is almost exclusively caused by fluid buildup
around the eyes, or periorbital edema. Minor puffiness usually detectable below the
eyes only is often called eye bags. Such transient puffiness is distinct from
the age related and gradual increase in the size of the fat pad lying below the lower
eyelids which can also be colloquially referred to as eye bags. Causes
While some degree of puffiness may be normal for a given individual, factors such as age
and fatigue may make the swelling more prominent. The periorbital tissues are most noticeably
swollen immediately after waking, perhaps due to the gravitational redistribution of
fluid in the horizontal position. Eye puffiness may also be caused by:
Mononucleosis – With supra-orbital oedema, the eyes become puffy and swollen. This may occur in the early stages of infection. Oversleeping/sleep deprivation – Interrupted
sleep cycles are common causes of eye puffiness. Fluid retention – Many conditions can lead
to the retention of fluid, particularly in the subcutaneous tissues. These conditions can cause swelling around
the eyes to be more prominent. Diet – Excess salt encourages fluid retention
and may lead to puffy eyes. Alcohol and tobacco use – Alcohol and tobacco
contain toxins that may lead to stress, fatigue, and hormonal changes; all of which may lead
to fluid retention and swelling around the eyes. Allergies – Allergic reactions can lead to
leaks in the subcutaneous capillary beds which can cause swelling in the face, including
around the eyes. Skin disorders – Eye puffiness can be a side
effect of certain skin disorders, such as dermatitis, if the affected area becomes very
sensitive, leading to swelling. Normal aging – As a person grows older, the
skin around the eyes becomes thinner and may swell or droop. Further a gradual and generally permanent
increase in the size of the suborbicularis oculi fat pad along with the thinning and
weakening of the overlying musculature contributes to the apparent distention of the lower eyelids. Crying – The salt in tears may cause fluid
retention in the eye area. Hypothyroidism – Facial puffiness and periorbital
swelling occur due to infiltration with the mucopolysaccharides hyaluronic acid and chondroitin
sulfate, pulling fluid into the interstitial space by osmosis. Periorbital cellulitis – An inflammation and
infection of the eyelid and portions of skin around the eye. Chagas disease – Also known as American trypanosomiasis. Young patients, often in an acute phase of
the disease, manifest Romaña’s sign: unilateral, painless, periorbital edema. Nephrotic syndrome – Puffiness around the
eyes is the first site to get swollen Trichinosis – Periorbital edema, fever and
muscle pain are the main symptoms that ensue from eating raw, infected pork. Tear glands – Puffiness around the eyes can
also be due to the improper functioning of the tear glands. Superior vena cava obstruction. Cavernous sinus syndrome polyneuropathy. Risks
Puffy eyes are usually only a temporary cosmetic worry, but occasionally, individuals become
concerned about the cosmetic effect of periorbital swelling and seek surgical correction. Severe and persistent puffiness may be a sign
of other serious medical conditions. Remedies
For someone predisposed to eye puffiness, changes to diet and lifestyle may be required
to reduce the possibility of swelling. A cold compress near the eye can act as a
short-term remedy as cold temperature constricts blood vessels, preventing the flow of fluid
into tissues and diminishing puffiness in the process. Live Yeast Cell Derivative may be effective;
Prevention Elevating the head while sleeping can prevent
the gravitational redistribution of fluid that is associated with eye swelling. A low-carb diet can prevent eye puffiness
by preventing water retention. Eating foods rich in vitamins, especially
A, C and E, helps to reduce eye puffiness and to maintain clear, moist skin. See also
Periorbital dark circles References
^ Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995 Jan;95(1):37-42.The suborbicularis oculi
fat pads: an anatomic and clinical study. Aiache AE, Ramirez OH. ^ The Look You Like; Paul Lazar, M.D.
^ Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995 Jan;95(1):37-42.The suborbicularis oculi
fat pads: an anatomic and clinical study. Aiache AE, Ramirez OH. ^ The Merck Manual, 18th Edition, Merck Research
Laboratories, 2006. ^ Markell and Voge’s Medical Parasitology,
John and Petri, Ninth Edition ^ Carroll GG. Multiple Cranial Neuropathies. Semin Neurol. 2009;29(1):53-65. http:www.medscape.com588522_9
^ The Doctor’s Beauty Hotline; Fredric Haberman, D.D.
^ Composition and method for under-eye skin
lightening USPTO Patent number: 5643587 ^ Nourishing your skin from within

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