The National for Tuesday, Jan. 14 — New video of Flight 752 being brought down; Flu risks


(*)>>Andrew: TONIGHT, CANADIAN INVESTIGATORS VISIT THE CRASH SITE.>>Adrienne: AS WE LEARN NEW DETAILS ABOUT THE FINAL MOMENTS ON FLIGHT 752. NEW VIDEO APPEARS TO SHOW TWO MISSILES STRIKING THE PLANE. IRAN SAYS THAT SEVERAL PEOPLE ARE UNDER ARREST.>>Andrew: WHY THE FLU IS HITTING YOUNG PEOPLE SO HARD.>>YEAH, I’M STARTING TO LOSE FEELING IN MY TOES.>>Adrienne: A DEEP FREEZE GRIPS THE WEST, SO COLD THAT PEOPLE WERE ASKED TO TURN DOWN THE HEAT.>>IT’S AN INATE SENSE OF SELF PROTECTION THAT YOU ARE SEEING.>>Andrew: THEY FOUGHT OFF AUSTRALIA’S BUSHFIRES ALONE. NOW THEY’RE CALLING FOR CHANGE.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>>ONE WEEK AFTER IRAN SHOT A PASSENGER JET FROM THE SKY, TODAY HAS BEEN A DAY OF FIRSTS.>>Adrienne: THE FIRST VIDEO EVIDENCE FLIGHT 752 WAS STRUCK BY TWO MISSILES. THAT TERRIBLE DETAIL HELPS TO FILL IN WHAT HAPPENED THAT DEADLY NIGHT. ANOTHER FIRST TODAY, CANADIAN INVESTIGATORS HAVE REACHED THE CRASH SITE. THEY’LL ALSO HAVE ACCESS TO THE FLIGHT PACK BOOK RECORDERS THOUGH IT’S STILL NOT CLEAR HOW BIG A ROLE THAT CANADIANS WILL PLAY IN THE INVESTIGATION. AS PAUL HUNTER SHOWS US, TONIGHT IT’S THE NEW VIDEO THAT IS PROVING MOST REVEALING. CBC NEWS HAS NOT INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED IT BUT “THE NEW YORK TIMES” HAS AND WHAT A TALE IT TELLS.>>Reporter: THE NEW VIDEO IS SILENT, BUT WHAT’S DEPICTED SEEMS CLEAR. THE BRIGHT LIGHT CROSSING ABOVE THE HORIZON APPEARS TO BE AN IRANIAN MISSILE, TARGETING THE PASSENGER JET THAT HAD JUST TAKEN OFF LAST WEEK. INVISIBLE FOR THE MOMENT, OUT IN WHAT LOOKS LIKE FOG, IT TAKES ABOUT 20 SECONDS TO FIND ITS TARGET AND THEN THE FLASH. 10 SECONDS LATER A SECOND MISSILE, FIRED THE SAME WAY, THE PLANE EVIDENTLY STILL IN THE AIR OUT THERE SOMEWHERE, THIS TIME THE MISSILE STRIKES MORE QUICKLY. IT’S CLOSER, A BRIGHTER FLASH. NOW NEARLY A MINUTE AFTER THAT, THE PLANE, STILL FLYING, CLEARLY IN FLAMES, BEGINS A RAPID OUT-OF-CONTROL PLUMMET. IT’S AT THIS POINT THAT THIS VIDEO SEEMS TO PICK IT UP FROM ANOTHER ANGLE. EVIDENTLY SHOT ON CELLPHONE, THE PLANE NOW FALLING FROM THE SKY IN FLAMES. THE WORLD KNOWS WHAT HAPPENED NEXT. FOR DAYS NOW IRANIANS HAVE DEMONSTRATED IN THE CAPITAL AND BEYOND, ANGRY OVER WHAT THEIR COUNTRY HAS DONE. TODAY UNMOVED, EVEN WITH WORD IRAN HAS NOW ARRESTED SEVERAL PEOPLE INVOLVED WITH THE FIRING OF THOSE MISSILES.>>[speaking foreign language]>>Reporter: IT WAS AN UNFORGIVABLE ERROR, SAID THE IRANIAN PRESIDENT HASSAN ROUHANI, ADDING THAT WE WILL PUNISH THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SHOOT DOWN. WITH DONALD TRUMP’S FRESH SANCTIONS IN PLACE, THE U.S. NO LONGER PART OF THE DEAL LIMITING IRAN’S NUCLEAR CAPABILITIES AND IRAN IN TURN NO LONGER ABIDING BY ASPECTS OF IT, TODAY BRITAIN, FRANCE AND GERMANY TRIGGERED A DISPUTE MECHANISM IN THE DEAL. AIMED AT GETTING IRAN BACK ON TRACK. A MOVE THAT CANADA SUPPORTS. BUT IF THAT EFFORT FAILS IT THREATENS THE DEAL ALL TOGETHER.>>[speaking foreign language]>>Reporter: WE CANNOT SIT BACK, SAID GERMANY’S FOREIGN MINISTER, AND WATCH IRAN NO LONGER STICK TO ITS COMMITMENT. ALL OF IT AS THOSE PROTESTS CONTINUE AND GROW. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Adrienne: AND IN WASHINGTON A DIFFERENT KIND OF PROTEST. REPUBLICANS ARE BRISTLING AT THE SUGGESTION BY CANADA’S PRIME MINISTER THAT U.S. ACTIONS CONTRIBUTED TO THE CHAIN OF EVENTS ENDING IN THAT PLANE CRASH. KATIE SIMPSON HAS THAT STORY.>>Reporter: THESE ARE SOME OF PRESIDENT TRUMP’S CLOSEST ALLIES, AND THEY BLUNTLY REJECT THE SUGGESTION THAT HIS ACTIONS ESCALATED TENSIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST.>>THERE’S NO BLAME HERE FOR AMERICA. AMERICA STOOD UP ONCE AGAIN FOR FREEDOM.>>Reporter: THE REPUBLICAN HOUSE MINORITY LEADER WAS ASKED TO RESPOND TO THE PRIME MINISTER’S COMMENTS ON GLOBAL NEWS, LINKING THE TENSIONS TO THE DOWNING OF THE UKRAINIAN PASSENGER PLANE.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: I THINK THAT IF THERE WERE NO TENSIONS, IF THERE WAS NO ESCALATION RECENTLY IN THE REGION, THAT THOSE CANADIANS WOULD BE RIGHT NOW HOME WITH THEIR FAMILIES.>>I ACTUALLY THINK THAT HE’S STATING THE OBVIOUS. THE OBVIOUS IS THAT THIS FOG OF WAR WAS CREATED AS A RESULT OF THE ESCALATING TENSION THAT WAS A DIRECT RESULT OF THE TARGETING OF QASSEM SOLEIMANI.>>Reporter: A SENIOR CANADIAN GOVERNMENT SOURCE SAYS TRUDEAU IS NOT POINTING A FINGER BUT INSTEAD HIS COMMENTS WERE MEANT TO PUSH ALL PARTIES INVOLVED TO DEESCALATE THE CONFLICT. THOUGH FRUSTRATION REMAINS THAT CANADA DID NOT GET ADVANCED WARNING THAT THE U.S. PLANNED TO KILL IRANIAN GENERAL QASSEM SOLEIMANI. SHOULD CANADA HAVE BEEN GIVEN A HEADS UP?>>I TANG WE SHOULD DO SO AS FAST AS WE COULD.>>Reporter: THIS REPUBLICAN CONGRESSMAN WHO SERVED AS A BRIGADIER GENERAL IN THE AIR FORCE SAYS THAT BASED ON HIS OWN KNOWLEDGE AND INTELLIGENCE BRIEFINGS THAT IT’S LIKELY THAT THE U.S. HAD TO MAKE A FAST DECISION IN TARGETING SOLEIMANI.>>AND SO WE DIDN’T HAVE THE ABILITY TO DO THE KIND OF COORDINATION WITH OUR ALLIES AHEAD OF TIME.>>Reporter: THOUGH SOME DEMOCRATS SAY THAT CANADA WAS OWED ADVANCED WARNING.>>WE SHOULD BE WORKING WITH OUR ALLIES. AND CANADA HAS BEEN HISTORICALLY AMONG THE CLOSEST OF OUR ALLIES.>>Reporter: ANOTHER COMPLICATION IN THAT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALLIES IS THAT SOURCES SAY THAT CANADA WANTS MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WHY THE U.S. DECIDED TO KILL GENERAL SOLEIMANI. PUBLIC JUSTIFICATIONS FROM THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAVE SHIFTED EVER SINCE THAT DRONE STRIKE. KATIE SIMPSON, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Adrienne: AS TENSIONS ESCALATE AROUND IRAN, FORMER PRIME MINISTER STEPHEN HARPER IS WEIGHING IN, SUGGESTING CONDITIONS MAY BE RIPE FOR CHANGE IN TEHRAN.>>IS THERE ANY WAY THROUGH THE PROTESTS IN IRAN OR THE CONSEQUENCES OF THIS THAT IRAN COULD GO ON A BETTER TRAJECTORY? I THINK THAT WOULD BE VERY CORE TO RESOLVING THE PROBLEMS OF THE MIDDLE EAST. I THINK WITHOUT A CHANGE IN THE NATURE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF TEHRAN, THE MIDDLE EAST WILL BE IN TURMOIL.>>Adrienne: HARPER NOW LEADS A GROUP THAT HELPS TO ELECT RIGHT-WING GOVERNMENTS. HE SAYS THAT MIDDLE EASTERN POWERS BACK HIS IDEA.>>>STAYING WITH POLITICS, CBC NEWS HAS LEARNED WHO WAS BLAMED IN AN INTERNAL CONSERVATIVE PARTY REPORT FOR WHAT WENT WRONG IN THE LAST FEDERAL ELECTION. THE REPORT WAS DRAFTED BY FORMER CABINET MINISTER JOHN BAIRD. SOURCES SAY THAT IT BLAMES THE ELECTION LOSS ON INEXPERIENCED STAFFERS AND CENTRALIZING CAMPAIGN CONTROL WITH THE CAMPAIGN MANAGER. IT ALSO TALKS ABOUT THE PROBLEMS WITH THE PARTY’S PLATFORM AND THE CANDIDATE SCREENING PROCESSES. AND THE PARTY WILL CHOOSE A NEXT LEADER IN JUNE.>>Andrew: A 17-YEAR-OLD HAS DIED IN WINNIPEG FROM COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO THE FLU. THIS YEAR’S SEASON COULD BE PARTICULARLY BE DANGEROUS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE. WHAT’S DIFFERENT THIS WINTER IS THAT MULTIPLE STRAINS ARE SURGING AT THE SAME TIME. THAT MEANS THAT KIDS ARE GETTING HIT HARD AND HIT EARLIER. WE ARE NOW IN PEAK FLU SEASON ACROSS THE COUNTRY. AS THE CBC’S KAREN PAULS TELLS US, THAT WINNIPEG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT THAT I MENTIONED ISN’T THE ONLY DEADLY FLU-RELATED CASE IN MANITOBA. ANOTHER YOUNG WOMAN IN HER 20s ALSO DIED.>>SHE LOVED TO LAUGH.>>Reporter: DUSTIN AND JOANNE ENS WERE MARRIED JUST EIGHT MONTHS AGO ON SUNDAY. FAMILY AND FRIENDS GATHERED IN CHURCH AGAIN, BUT THIS TIME TO BURY HER. HER HUSBAND IS CLINGING TO HIS FAITH TO HELP HIM CARRY ON.>>IT IS CONFUSING, BUT THERE IS MOMENTS OF GRACE.>>Reporter: JOANNE HAD ASTHMA, BUT DUSTIN SAYS THAT SHE WAS HEALTHY WHEN SHE CAUGHT THE FLU ON NEW YEAR’S EVE.>>SHE WAS VERY WEAK AND VERY CRACKLY BREATHING.>>Reporter: THEY WENT TO THE NEAREST EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT NEAR MORDEN, MANITOBA. DOCTORS THERE HAD HER AIRLIFTED TO WINNIPEG, ABOUT 125 KILOMETRES AWAY.>>BUT SHE WAS IN SEPTIC SHOCK AND THEY WERE UNABLE TO DO ANYTHING.>>Reporter: DUSTIN SAYS THAT DOCTORS HAVE CONFIRMED HIS WIFE DIED OF COMPLICATIONS STEMMING FROM INFLUENZA-B. FLU SEASON SEEMS TO BE HITTING YOUNG PEOPLE PARTICULARLY HARD. IN THIS TOWN ALONE, UP TO 25% OF THE STUDENTS WERE HOME SICK BEFORE CHRISTMAS. NOW IN WINNIPEG A GRADE 12 STUDENT HAS DIED FROM COMPLICATIONS OF THE FLU. BLAINE RUPPENTHAL’S FAMILY SAYS THAT HIS HEART STOPPED. THEY DON’T KNOW WHY, BUT THE DOCTORS TOLD THEM THAT IT’S CONNECTED TO INFLUENZA COMPLICATIONS. STUDENTS AT HIS HIGH SCHOOL SAY THAT HE’LL BE MISSED. PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS ARE SCRAMBLING TO DEAL WITH A SURGE OF FLU PATIENTS. JUST LAST WEEK THEY ACTIVATED AN EMERGENCY FLU RESPONSE PLAN.>>IT’S A VERY UNUSUAL YEAR THIS YEAR WHERE INFLUENZA-A AND INFLUENZA-B AND RESPIRATORY ILLNESSES HAVE ALL COME AT THE SAME TIME.>>I FREQUENTLY TOLD HER THAT I LOVED HER TO THE MOON AND BACK AND SHE RESPONDED THAT I’M HER SUN, MOON AND STARS.>>Reporter: DUSTIN ENS SAID THAT HIS WIFE HAD PLANNED TO GET THEIR FLU SHOT AFTER NEW YEAR’S. AND HE HOPES THAT THEIR STORY ENCOURAGES OTHERS TO GET THE VACCINATION. KAREN PAULS, CBC NEWS, MORDEN, MANITOBA.>>Andrew: THE FLU IS HITTING JUST ABOUT EVERY PART OF EVERY PROVINCE AND TERRITORY. SO FAR THIS SEASON THERE HAVE BEEN MORE THAN 12,000 CONFIRMED CASES OF THE FLU IN CANADA. AND AS ALWAYS THAT’S ON TOP OF HOWEVER MANY GO UNREPORTED. AT LEAST 10 PEOPLE HAVE DIED. NOW AS CHRISTINE BIRAK TELLS US, DOCTORS ARE SWAMPED, THEY ALSO SAY THEY’RE SEEING MORE PATIENTS WITH PNEUMONIA.>>TRIAGE 2…>>Reporter: MOST PEOPLE WALKING INTO THE EMERGENCY RIGHT NOW ARE FEVERISH, COUGHING, THEIR BODIES EXHAUSTED BY THE FLU VIRUS.>>IS IT POSSIBLE THAT THIS YEAR IS GOING TO BE WORSE THAN PREVIOUS YEARS? YES, IT IS.>>Reporter: DOCTORS HAVE SEEN A STAGGERING NUMBER OF PATIENTS, INCLUDING MORE CHILDREN THAN USUAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.>>WE SAW 510 PEOPLE COME THROUGH OUR EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT AND OUR AFTER-HOURS KIDS CLINIC ON THAT DAY. SO VERY, VERY BUSY.>>Reporter: IN ONE DAY?>>IN ONE 24-HOUR PERIOD, YES.>>Reporter: THE FLU KILLS OFTEN YOUNG CHILDREN, THE ELDERLY AND THOSE WITH PRE-EXISTING MEDICAL CONDITIONS.>>IT’S A COMBINATION OF COMPLEXITIES.>>Reporter: DR. MARK LOBE SAYS THAT HEALTHY PEOPLE TYPICALLY GET SICK FOR ABOUT A WEEK AND RECOVER FROM THE FLU. BUT THE VIRUS TAKES A TOLL, WEAKENING THE BODY’S ABILITY TO FIGHT OFF OTHER BUGS AND ILLNESSES.>>WHY ARE WE CONCERNED ABOUT THE FLU? WE’RE CONCERNED ABOUT THE FLU BECAUSE OF ITS COMPLICATIONS, RIGHT? AND ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT COMPLICATION SAYS PNEUMONIA AND THAT’S TYPICALLY WHAT LEADS TO DEATH.>>Reporter: WENDY WILSON CRACKED A RIB COUGHING. WHAT STARTED AS A SORE THROAT BEFORE CHRISTMAS TURNED INTO PNEUMONIA BY THE NEW YEAR.>>WHEN I WAS TAKING IN BREATHS IT WAS LIKE THAT I WAS AFRAID TO WALK FAST OR MOVE TOO FAST BECAUSE IT WAS ALL OF A SUDDEN I WOULD START COUGHING AND I FEEL THAT I CAN’T CATCH MY BREATH.>>Reporter: THE FLU VIRUS USUALLY ATTACKS THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INCLUDING THE NOSE, THROAT AND RESPIRATORY TUBES. PNEUMONIA TARGETS THE LUNGS, WHICH IS WHY PATIENTS HAVE TROUBLE BREATHING.>>IF YOU’RE WALKING AROUND YOUR HOME AND CLIMBING TO THE TOP OF THE STAIRS IS WINDING YOU AND YOU’RE NOT NORMALLY WINDED BY THAT, THAT’S A CONCERN.>>Reporter: HER ADVICE? GET THE FLU SHOT. SOME PROTECTION IS ALWAYS BETTER THAN NONE. IT CAN ALSO PREVENT YOU FROM SPREADING A VIRUS THAT COULD LAND SOMEONE IN THE HOSPITAL AND COST OTHERS THEIR LIVES. CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: NOW IN OTHER HEALTH NEWS, VAPING GIANT JUUL LAB SAYS IT WILL NO LONGER SELL MOST OF ITS FLAVOURED PODS IN CANADA. AS OF TOMORROW THEY’LL HALT MANGO AND VANILLA AND FRUIT AND CUCUMBER VARIETIES BUT THEY ARE NOT PLANNING TO PULL THE EXISTING STOCK FROM STORE SHELVES. THEY WILL ALSO CONTINUE TO SELL TOBACCO AND MINT-FLAVOURED PRODUCTS. THE MOVE COMES AFTER THE UNITED STATES BANNED FRUIT AND MINT e-CIGARETTE FLAVOURS AND AS HEALTH CANADA CONSIDERS STRICTER REGULATIONS ON THE VAPING INDUSTRY TO KEEP YOUNGER PEOPLE FROM PICKING UP THE HABIT.>>Adrienne: MANY WESTERN CANADIANS ARE ALSO FACING A BRUTAL DEEP FREEZE THIS WEEK. THE ENTIRE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA REMAINS UNDER AN EXTREME COLD WARNING WITH WIND CHILLS IN THE-40s. IT’S NOT AS COLD IN B.C.’S LOWER MAINLAND, BUT IT’S WELL BELOW ZERO WITH THIS THICK SNOW. AND KEEP IN MIND THAT THE LOWER MAINLAND IS NEITHER USED TO IT NOR REALLY EQUIPPED FOR IT. NOW ALBERTANS ARE USED TO ROUGH WINTERS BUT EVEN BY THEIR STANDARDS, IT’S MEAN OUT THERE. WE THOUGHT THAT MAYBE IT WAS IMPORTANT TO SEND SOMEONE OUTSIDE TO SEE HOW BAD IT IS. CAROLYN DUNN DREW THE SHORT STICK.>>Reporter: A FREEZE SO DEEP THAT IT CRACKED A RAIL LINE IN EDMONTON TODAY. ALBERTANS ARE BRACING AGAINST A WORKWEEK OF EXTREME WEATHER.>>I HAVE WORN THICKER SOCKS, THAT’S FOR SURE. I’M STARTING TO LOSE FEELING IN MY TOES.>>GOT TO KEEP MOVING. ONCE YOU STOP, IT’S 40 BELOW, AND YOU HAVE BOOTS BUT IT DOESN’T DO YOU MUCH GOOD IF YOU’RE NOT MOVING.>>Reporter: SO HOW COLD IS IT? WELL, COLD ENOUGH THAT JUST ABOUT EVERYTHING FREEZES WITHIN SECONDS OF HITTING THE AIR. INCLUDING IT SEEMS FACIAL HAIR. WEATHER NETWORK REPORTER KYLE BRITON HAS A NEW COOL WARDROBE. IT’S EVEN TOO COLD FOR PENGUINS. THE CALGARY ZOO HAD TO CANCEL THEIR POPULAR PENGUIN WALK. AND WITH WARNINGS TO KEEP PETS INSIDE, MANY DOGS ARE BUNDLED UP FOR VERY SHORT POTTY BREAKS. THIS KIND OF COLD COMES WITH REAL RISKS, FROM ICY ROADS TO FROSTBITE. AT ONE POINT SO MANY PEOPLE CRANKED UP THE HEAT AT ONCE THAT THE PROVINCE ISSUED AN ENERGY WARNING. OF COURSE FOR THOSE WITHOUT A HOME THERE’S URGENT CONCERN.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>WOULD YOU LIKE A PAIR OF SOCKS AS WELL?>>Reporter: THIS CALGARY OUTREACH TEAM IS SWAMPED PROVIDING EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.>>WE’RE OVER CAPACITY RIGHT NOW IN OUR SHELTER AND JUST TRYING TO DEAL WITH CALLS.>>Reporter: DONATIONS OF COLD WEATHER CLOTHING ARE POURING IN AT ANOTHER SHELTER. PEOPLE ARE LOOKING OUT FOR EACH OTHER AND WAITING IT OUT.>>GOING TO MEXICO IN FEBRUARY. OTHERWISE, A DAY AT A TIME.>>I DON’T MIND IT THAT MUCH, ACTUALLY. I HAVE WORKED OUTSIDE ALL MY LIFE.>>Reporter: EVERYONE ELSE IS COUNTING DOWN TO THE WEEKEND WHEN TEMPERATURES ARE FORECAST TO BE A BIT CLOSER TO SEASONAL. CAROLYN DUNN, CBC NEWS, CALGARY.>>Adrienne: SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES HAVE LED TO RECORD-BREAKING DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY NEXT DOOR IN B.C. AS WELL. AND THIS MIGHT NOT GET BETTER BECAUSE AS GREG RASMUSSEN TELLS US, MUCH OF THE PROVINCE IS BRACING FOR YET ANOTHER STORM.>>Reporter: VANCOUVERITES KNOW HOW TO HANDLE WINTER RAIN, BUT UMBRELLAS AND RUNNING SHOES ARE COMING UP SHORT TAKING ON THIS WEEK’S WINTRY BLAST.>>COLD, ICY, SNOWY, VERY COLD FOR VANCOUVER.>>I’VE HAD ONE SLIGHT SLIP, BUT I WALK LIKE A PENGUIN. APPARENTLY THAT’S HOW YOU GET OVER THE ICE.>>Reporter: THE REGION’S BUSIEST HIGHWAY, THE TRANS-CANADA, WAS AT TIMES A SHEET OF BLACK ICE. VEHICLES WERE IN THE DITCH, COMMUTERS AND COMMERCIAL VEHICLES CRAWLED ALONG. HEAVY SNOW HIT SUNDAY AND MANY ARE CRITICAL THAT TWO DAYS LATER THAT ROADS REMAIN TREACHEROUS.>>EVERYTHING THAT IS WET IS GOING TO FREEZE. SO WE HAD A REALLY SEVERE EVENT, PARTICULARLY IN THE EASTERN FRASER VALLEY.>>Reporter: SIDE STREETS REMAIN AN ICY MESS IN MANY AREAS. ACROSS THE REGION THE CREWS STRUGGLED TO GET SALT ON THE ROADS. EVEN VETERAN SNOWPLOW OPERATORS ARE SURPRISED AT THE CONDITIONS.>>I MEAN WE’VE HAD SNOW, OF COURSE. AND WE GET SNOW, WE GET SNOW. WHEN WE GET ICE, WE GET ICE. BUT WHEN IT FREEZES AND IT’S HARD AND IT’S VERY DIFFICULT TO KEEP UP TO IT.>>NOT A LOT OF FOLKS OUT WITH SHORTS TODAY, I GUESS.>>Reporter: FOR SOME THE BEST OPTION WAS TO SIMPLY IGNORE THE SNOW AND COLD.>>AND BORN AND RAISED ON THE ISLAND AND ALWAYS HAD SHORTS. AT THIS POINT, I DON’T OWN PANTS. SO JUST KEEP WEARING SHORTS. HAVE A GOOD ONE.>>Reporter: IT’S UNUSUAL FOR THE TEMPERATURES TO BE THIS LOW FOR THIS LONG HERE, AND IT’S NOT OVER YET. WITH WARNINGS ABOUT ARCTIC OUTFLOW WINDS AND MORE SNOW ON THE WAY. GREG RASMUSSEN, CBC NEWS, VANCOUVER.>>Andrew: NOW THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF SUSSEX WOULD HAVE TO GET USED TO CANADIAN WINTERS AFTER DECIDING THEY WANT TO LIVE HERE PART TIME. THAT DECISION STILL CONTROVERSIAL ACROSS THE POND.>>I WOULD PREFER THAT THEY WERE IN THE U.K.>>IT’S A BIT OF A SNUB, NOT ONLY TO THE FAMILY, HIS FAMILY, BUT ALSO TO THE BRITISH PUBLIC.>>I THINK THERE IF CANADA CAN SEE SOME BENEFITS FROM IT, THEY MIGHT FEEL OKAY ABOUT IT.>>I WOULD LOVE HAVING THEM THERE.>>Andrew: SO GETTING YOU UP TO SPEED. THE QUEEN GAVE THE PLAN HER BLESSING YESTERDAY AFTER A FAMILY MEETING. MEGHAN, WHO IS IN CANADA, WAS GOING TO CALL IN BUT REPORTS SAY THAT SHE AND HARRY DECIDED THAT IT WASN’T NECESSARY. TODAY NEW PICTURES OF HER SURFACED IN SOME U.K. PAPERS, SHOWING THE DUTC DUCHESS BOARDING A SEAPLANE IN VANCOUVER ISLAND. NOW WE KNOW WHERE SHE WAS HEADED. THE DOWNTOWN WOMEN’S CENTRE POSTED THIS PHOTO SAYING THAT THE DUCHESS DROPPED BY TO TALK ABOUT ISSUES AFFECTING VULNERABLE WOMEN. AFTER ALL OF THAT, IS VICTORIA WHERE THE COUPLE MAY CHOOSE TO CALL HOME? HERE’S TANYA FLETCHER WITH WHAT ROYAL LIFE COULD LOOK LIKE. [BELLS TOLLING]>>Reporter: THE BELLS CHIME 3:00 IN VICTORIA, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS TEA TIME FOR SOME. AND IN A CITY NAMED AFTER ONE QUEEN, AND THE GRANDSON OF ANOTHER COULD MAKE IT HIS HOME.>>IF PRINCE HARRY IS LONELY FOR A GOOD CUP OF TEA OR TO SEE A COUPLE — A PACK OF CORGIS IN THE PARK, VICTORIA IS AS GOOD A PLACE AS ANY IN CANADA.>>Reporter: ESPECIALLY AFTER THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF SUSSEX SPENT THEIR CHRISTMAS HERE. AND WHERE MEGHAN IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN SINCE RETURNING TO CANADA LAST WEEK. THEIR MOVE IS MET WITH SUPPORT HERE.>>THEY’RE GOING TO BE ABLE TO LIVE THEIR OWN LIFE.>>Reporter: AND DELIGHT.>>I’D HUG HER, I’D ASK FIRST. I’D ASK.>>Reporter: VERY POLITE AND CANADIAN OF YOU. WHAT WOULD YOU DO?>>I’D BE EXCITED AND HUG HER ALSO AND GET A PICTURE.>>Reporter: FOR OTHERS, SIMPLY A SHRUG.>>OH, THAT’S FINE.>>WE’LL GIVE THEM LOTS OF SPACE.>>Reporter: WHY IS THAT?>>BECAUSE THAT’S WHAT THEY WANT.>>THIS COULD BE A DEFINING MOMENT IN THE EVOLUTION OF THE CANADIAN CROWN. [Applause]>>Reporter: A DEFINING MOMENT THAT COMES WITH HIGH EXPECTATIONS FROM ROYAL WATCHERS.>>EVEN IF SHE’S ONLY A PART-TIME ROYAL, PRINCE HARRY WILL BE THERE AND HELP US TO CELEBRATE SOME OF OUR FUTURE MILESTONES A LITTLE MORE READILY THAN — THAN A MONARCH WHO IS IN HER 90s AND LIVING OVERSEAS.>>Reporter: IT’S STILL NOT CLEAR WHERE EXACTLY IN CANADA THEY’LL CHOOSE TO LIVE OR WHO WILL COVER WHAT COSTS. SECURITY FOR THE DUKE AND DUCHESS IS PEGGED AT NEARLY $2 MILLION A YEAR AND THERE’S ALREADY A PETITION ARGUING THAT CANADIANS SHOULD NOT HAVE TO FOOT THE BILL. FOR OTHERS THE INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION IS PRICELESS.>>IT’S BEEN AN ONGOING STORY, WHICH IS QUITE AN INTERESTING PHENOMENON.>>Reporter: THE TOURISM INDUSTRY CERTAINLY WELCOMES THE PUBLICITY, AS LONG AS IT’S CLASS I.>>CAPITALIZING ON OUR ROYALS IN GENERAL IS JUST TACKY AND WE WANT TO STAY AWAY FROM THAT.>>Reporter: MANY DECISIONS STILL TO BE MADE, BUT UNTIL DETAILS ARE FINALIZED, WHAT WOULD BE YOUR MESSAGE TO THEM?>>I THINK THAT ANYBODY IS VERY WELCOME IN OUR COMMUNITY.>>Reporter: TANYA FLETCHER, CBC NEWS, VICTORIA.>>Andrew: NOW, CLEARLY, THERE’S STILL PLENTY OF QUESTIONS STILL ABOUT WHAT EXACTLY HARRY AND MEGHAN’S NEW LIFE IN CANADA WOULD LOOK LIKE. SO ON FRIDAY WE’RE CONVENING OUR SPECIAL PANEL OF ROYAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERTS. IF YOU’VE GOT QUESTIONS, SEND THEM OUR WAY AT [email protected] OR ON INSTAGRAM @CBCTHENATIONAL.>>Adrienne: MORE NEWS AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL,” INCLUDING HOW AVERAGE CITIZENS REVEALED WHAT IRAN TRIED TO HIDE. MOMENT-BY-MOMENT WE LOOK AT THE HOURS AND THE MINUTES SURROUNDING THE DOWNING OF FLIGHT 752.>>Andrew: FIGHTING THE FLAMES AND FIGHTING FOR CHANGE.>>IT’S A GLOBAL PROBLEM. DON’T THINK THAT THIS IS JUST AUSTRALIA.>>Andrew: THE INCREASINGLY LOUD CALLS FOR A SHIFT IN CLIMATE POLICY AS AUSTRALIA BURNS.>>Adrienne: AND A NEW REPORT SAYS THIS T>>Adrienne: WELCOME BACK. JUST BECAUSE A MAN AND WOMAN GRADUATE UNIVERSITY WITH THE SAME DEGREE AND ENTER THE SAME FIELD DOESN’T MEAN — WE ALL KNOW THIS — THAT THEY’LL MAKE THE SAME MONEY DOWN THE ROAD. BUT A NEW STUDY SHOWS JUST HOW BIG THE GENDER PAY GAP IS IN CANADA AND HOW QUICKLY IT COMES INTO PLAY. WE ASKED ALISON NORTHCOTT TO FIND OUT WHY.>>MONSIEUR.>>Reporter: IN THE MALE-DOMINATED TECH SECTOR, KATHY SAYS THAT THE PLAYING FIELD ISN’T ALWAYS EVEN FOR WOMEN.>>YOU ONLY GET JOBS, AND ONCE YOU’RE IN THE FIELD AND YOU TALK ABOUT YOUR COLLEAGUES YOU REALIZE — YOU REALIZE THE DIFFERENCE AND YOU REALIZE THE MISSED OPPORTUNITIES.>>Reporter: IT’S NOT JUST IN TECHNOLOGY. A NEW REPORT LOOKED AT HOW MUCH MONEY CANADIAN POST-SECONDARY GRADUATES IN 11 FIELDS OF STUDY EARN. AND IT FOUND WOMEN ON AVERAGE EARN 12% LESS THAN MEN ONE YEAR AFTER GRADUATION. AFTER FIVE YEARS THAT GAP WIDENS TO 25%.>>THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN CLEARLY STARTS IMMEDIATELY. IT GROWING OVER TIME. AND I THINK THAT IT BECOMES MORE WIDESPREAD THAN WE HAD ANTICIPATED.>>Reporter: THE REPORT LOOKED AT HOW MUCH GRADUATES EARNED EACH YEAR BUT DID NOT LOOK AT THEIR SPECIFIC JOBS OR HOW MANY HOURS THEY WORK.>>WE’RE ASKING WOMEN TO SPEND EVERY SINGLE DAY FIGHTING FOR WHAT’S THEIRS.>>Reporter: LISA IS PART OF A GROUP TO EMPOWER WOMEN IN TECHNOLOGY, INCLUDING BUILDING UP NEGOTIATING SKILLS TO HELP THEM TO GET AHEAD.>>THERE’S A PROBLEM ON THE EMPLOYER SIDE WITH BIAS. AND THERE’S A PROBLEM ON THE APPLICANT SIDE WITH THE FEELING LIKE YOU HAVE THE TOOLS TO NEGOTIATE WELL FOR YOURSELF.>>Reporter: THE REPORT BACKED UP OTHER STUDIES SHOWING A PERSISTENT WAGE GAP IN CANADA.>>THERE’S A SYSTEMIC ELEMENT ABOUT THIS THAT WE SEE THAT WOMEN TEND TO HAVE MORE PRECARIOUS WORK AND THEY ARE ISOLATED IN WHAT PEOPLE CALL PINK GHETTO WHERE IS THE WORK IS MOSTLY DONE BY WOMEN AND THE PAY TENDS TO GO DOWN.>>Reporter: SHE SAYS THAT IT’S DISHEARTENING TO SEE THAT WOMEN ARE AFFECTED AS SOON AS THEIR CAREERS BEGIN AND SAYS THAT GOVERNMENTS NEED BETTER POLICIES TO IMPROVE WOMEN’S WORKING CONDITIONS AND ACCESS TO STEADY JOBS IN ORDER TO CHANGE THAT. ALISON NORTHCOTT, CBC NEWS, MONTRÉAL.>>Andrew: HERE’S SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>THIS SHOCKING VIDEO MAKING THE ROUNDS ON SOCIAL MEDIA HAS SPARKED THE INTEREST OF POLICE IN ONTARIO. NOW IT’S A SHORT CLIP. IT APPEARS TO SHOW A LARGE TRUCK PUSHING A CAR SIDEWAYS DOWN HIGHWAY 401. THE VIDEO DOES NOT SHOW WHAT HAPPENED IN THE LEAD-UP TO THE INCIDENT. BUT PROVINCIAL POLICE CERTAINLY ARE NOW ASKING FOR THE PUBLIC’S HELP TO TRACK DOWN THE DRIVERS.>>IT WAS RAINBOW, AND WHEN I LOOKED UP IT WAS GASOLINE. EVERYBODY STARTED RUNNING.>>Andrew: SCHOOLCHILDREN IN LOS ANGELES WERE DOUSED WITH JET FUEL TODAY. A DELTA AIRLINES JET DUMPED THE FUEL AS IT WAS RETURNING TO L.A.X. FOR AN EMERGENCY LANDING BUT IT ENDED UP DROPPING IT ON SCHOOLS, CARS AND PEOPLE BELOW. OFFICIALS SAY THAT A TOTAL OF 60 PATIENTS WERE TREATED AND NO ONE WAS TRANSPORTED TO HOSPITAL.>>HE WAS A COMPLICATED MAN, BUT A MAN OF GOOD HUMOUR, AND A MAN WHO DID RIGHT BY US. AND NOW IS WHEN WE GET TO DO RIGHT BY HIM.>>Andrew: MOURNERS GATHERED TODAY IN ST. JOHN’S TO PAY THEIR RESPECTS TO A POLITICAL ICON OF NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. JOHN CROSBIE WILL REST-IN-STATE OVER THE NEXT TWO DAYS. IT’S A RARE HONOUR IN THE PROVINCE, NOT SEEN SINCE FORMER PREMIER JOEY SMALLWOOD DIED IN 1991. CROSBIE WAS THE NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR’S LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR AFTER DECADES IN PROVINCIAL AND FEDERAL POLITICS. A STATE FUNERAL WILL BE HELD ON THURSDAY.>>Adrienne: MORE NEWS AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL,” INCLUDING THE STORY OF THE SECOND MISSILE. MINUTE-BY-MINUTE, WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE DOWNING OF FLIGHT 752.>>Andrew: AND…>>IT’S SUCH A LARGE CORPORATION. HOW DARE THEY MAKE IT SO DIFFICULT TO MAKE SUCH A SMALL, SMALL IMPACT.>>Andrew: FIXING CANADA’S COFFEE CUP ADDICTION, ONE REUSABLE MUG AT A TIME. (*)>>Andrew: CANADIANS LOVE THEIR COFFEE BUT ONE PROBLEM IS THAT THEY’RE GETTING IT TO GO. AND MOST DISPOSABLE CUPS CANNOT BE RECYCLED, SO THEY GET SENT TO LANDFILLS. NOW SOME MUNICIPALITIES LIKE VANCOUVER ARE CRACKING DOWN. AND SOME CAFÉS AND RESTAURANTS ARE FINDING THEIR OWN SOLUTIONS TOO, BUT AS JACQUELINE HANSEN EXPLAINS, THE FAST-FOOD INDUSTRY IS HAVING A HARD TIME KICKING THE HABIT.>>I PRETTY MUCH ALWAYS HAVE IT IN MY BACKPACK.>>Reporter: BRENDA GREENE WAS STUNNED WHEN MCDONALD’S REFUSED TO FILL HER MUG.>>THEY TOLD ME THAT IT WAS A CONTAMINATION ISSUE AND I THOUGHT IT WAS RIDICULOUS.>>Reporter: GREENE AND HER COLLEAGUE WENT BACK TO CAPTURE IT ON CAMERA AND POSTED IT ONLINE, IN HOPES THAT BAD PUBLICITY WOULD FORCE MCDONALD’S TO CHANGE ITS POLICY.>>THEY’RE SUCH A LARGE CORPORATION, HOW DARE THEY MAKE IT SO DIFFICULT TO MAKE SUCH A SMALL, SMALL IMPACT.>>Reporter: DISPOSABLE CUPS HAVE GENERATED CONCERN BECAUSE MOST RECYCLING PROGRAMMES DON’T ACCEPT THEM.>>IT SEEMS SIMPLE BUT THE CUP IS REALLY CHALLENGING.>>Reporter: MCDONALD’S AND OTHERS HAVE INVESTED IN A COMPETITION TO FIND A GREENER CUP. ALMOST A YEAR AGO 12 WINNERS WERE SELECTED.>>IT NEEDED TO MEET CERTAIN PERFORMANCE CRITERIA. IT HAS TO HOLD HOT AND COLD LIQUIDS. IT HAS TO MEET CERTAIN ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA IN TERMS OF SOURCING. AND IT NEEDS TO BE RECOVERABLE IN RECYCLING OR COMPOSTING SYSTEMS.>>Reporter: PROTOTYPES ARE BEING TESTED AND MAY BE READY FOR MARKET LATER THIS YEAR. BUT SOME ENVIRONMENTALISTS SAY THAT REUSABLE CUPS ARE STILL BETTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT.>>SHIFTING TO SOMETHING THAT IS COMPOSTABLE OR MADE OF ANOTHER MATERIAL IS JUST SHIFTING OUR DISPOSABLE PROBLEM FROM ONE TYPE OF MATERIAL TO ANOTHER. IT’S NOT ACTUALLY SOLVING IT.>>Reporter: MANY COFFEE SHOPS, INCLUDING STARBUCKS AND TIM HORTON’S ALREADY ACCEPT REUSABLE MUGS AND OFFER CUSTOMERS A SMALL DISCOUNT IF THEY USE THEM. BUT TIM HORTON’S SAYS THAT FEW PEOPLE DO IT.>>IT’S LOW SINGLE DIGITS AND IT’S IN LINE, FRANKLY, WITH THE INDUSTRY. SO IT’S NOT WHERE WE WANT IT TO BE.>>Reporter: THIS YEAR THE COMPANY PLANS TO GIVE OUT MILLIONS OF REUSABLE CUPS FOR FREE AND INTRODUCE NEW WAYS TO REWARD PEOPLE FOR USING THEM.>>IF ANYONE IS GOING TO BE ABLE TO CHANGE GUEST BEHAVIOUR IN SORT OF GOING WITH THE REUSABLE CUPS AND GOING WITH A SUSTAINABLE ANGLE, IT IS GOING TO BE US.>>Reporter: AS FOR MCDONALD’S, IT’S NOW BOWING TO THE PUBLIC PRESSURE. TODAY IT TOLD US THAT IT’S CHANGING ITS POLICY. AND ALL OF THE RESTAURANTS ACROSS THE COUNTRY WILL ALLOW REUSABLE MUGS BY THE END OF FEBRUARY. A SMALL WIN FOR THE ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS BUT ONLY IF THE CUSTOMERS TAKE THEM UP ON THE OPTION. JACQUELINE HANSEN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL,” FIRES RAGE IN AUSTRALIA. CALLS FOR CLIMATE ACTION.>>Adrienne: PLUS, THE WORLDWIDE MOVEMENT TO HELP THE MILLIONS OF ANIMALS AFFECTED BY THE FIRES. THOUSANDS OF CRAFTERS ARE MAKING LITTLE POUCHES FOR BABY ANIMALS WHO HAVE LOST THEIR MOTHERS. THAT’S AHEAD. (*)>>Adrienne: ONE WEEK AGO TONIGHT WE WERE ALL JUST LEARNING THAT A PLANE HAD CRASHED COMING OUT OF TEHRAN. NOW WE KNOW SO MUCH MORE AND MUCH OF THAT INFORMATION WAS DEDUCED BY ORDINARY CITIZENS AROUND THE WORLD DETERMINED TO GET TO THE TRUTH. IN THE EARLY HOURS OF WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8TH, IRAN WAS READY FOR A FIGHT. 2:15 a.m. TEHRAN TIME IT LAUNCHED SEVERAL BARRAGES OF MISSILES. NEARLY TWO HOURS’ WORTH, HITTING TWO COALITION BASES IN IRAQ. MIDWAY THROUGH THE STRIKES AT 3:15 a.m., THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION BANNED ALL AMERICAN CARRIERS FROM FLYING OVER IRAN, CITING POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION. ALMOST IMMEDIATELY THREE BRITISH AIRWAYS FLIGHTS START TO DIVERT MID-AIR. AN AIR CANADA FLIGHT TO DUBAI SHIFTS AS WELL. BUT NO OTHER AIRLINES, OTHER THAN THE AMERICAN AFFILIATED ONES ARE OBLIGED TO ADHERE TO THE NOTICE. IT’S NOT CLEAR WHETHER THE UKRAINIAN AIRLINE WOULD HAVE EVEN SEEN IT. IT WAS UP TO IRAN TO CHANGE THE AIR SPACE ENTIRELY, THEY DIDN’T.>>(Voice of Translator): THEY SHOULD HAVE CLOSED THEIR AIR SPACE BECAUSE THEY HAD SUSPICION THAT SOMETHING COULD INTERFERE WITH THE SAFETY.>>Adrienne: 10 FLIGHTS TOOK OFF BETWEEN MIDNIGHT AND 6:00 a.m. TEHRAN TIME, ALL OF THEM EFFECTIVELY ON SCHEDULE. ALL TAKING THE PRESCRIBED ROUTE, THE ONLY FLIGHT OUT OF TEHRAN DELAYED AT ALL AND NOTICEABLY OFF SCHEDULE WAS FLIGHT 752. SUPPOSED TO LEAVE AT 5:15, WE NOW KNOW THAT IT DEPARTED AT 6:12. DELAYED, THE AIRLINE SAYS, WHILE THE LUGGAGE WAS OFF-LOADED FOR TWO PASSENGERS WHO DIDN’T MAKE IT. DOES THE DELAY HAVE SIGNIFICANCE? WE DON’T KNOW YET. FOR NEARLY THREE MINUTES THE PLANE PINGS THE LOCATION EVERY FEW SECONDS. AT 6:14:57, THREE SEPARATE GROUND RADAR STATIONS LOSE THE SIGNAL. THIS IS NOW KNOWN AS THE MOMENT THAT A MISSILE HIT THE PLANE, DISRUPTING ITS INSTRUMENTS. IN THE DAYS SINCE THE DOWNING WE HAVE ALL SEEN VIDEOS EMERGE OF THAT MOMENT FROM SEVERAL ANGLES. WHAT THEY SHOW IS THAT FOR NEARLY THREE MINUTES THAT STRICKEN PLANE IS STILL IN THE SKY BEFORE FALLING, SHATTERED TO EARTH. 6:18 a.m. TEHRAN TIME IT’S DOWN. HE WAS IN TORONTO AND NOT SLEEPING. HE’S A VISUAL INVESTIGATOR WITH AN OPEN-SOURCE COLLECTIVE OF INVESTIGATORS FROM AROUND THE WORLD. HE SAW THE TWEETS ABOUT THE CRASH AND THE IMMEDIATE REPORT FROM IRAN OF A TECHNICAL ERROR AND GOT OUT OF BED.>>JUST BY SEARCHING THE FLIGHT NUMBER YOU GET DATA FOR THAT FLIGHT. I ALSO TOOK A LOOK AT THE SPEED AND ALTITUDE GRAPHS THAT ARE PROVIDED.>>Adrienne: HE SAW HOW THE DATA JUST DRASTICALLY ENDS FOR FLIGHT 752, AND IMMEDIATELY COMPARED IT WITH AN AIR FLIGHT A FEW WEEKS AGO THAT HAD LEGITIMATE ENGINE FAILURE.>>YOU CAN SEE THAT THE GRAPH IS DIFFERENT. THE ALTITUDE AND THE SPEED. YOU CAN TELL THAT SOMETHING SORT OF HAPPENED HERE.>>Adrienne: WHILE THE IRANIANS WERE IMMEDIATELY SAYING A TECHNICAL FAILURE, THE FIRST THING THAT YOU LOOKED AT WITH THE EVIDENCE SUGGESTED LIKELY NOT THE CASE?>>AND ALSO THE SPEED WITH WHICH THEY MADE THAT DETERMINATION WAS SUSPECT.>>Adrienne: SO THE FIRST LIE WAS EXPOSED WITHIN MINUTES. BY ABOUT 9:00 a.m. TEHRAN TIME, MORE SOCIAL MEDIA USERS STARTED BRAVELY SENDING IN IMAGES. AND ALL AROUND THE WORLD IN BEDROOMS AND LIVING ROOMS, PEOPLE STARTED GEO-LOCATING, IDENTIFYING WHERE IT HAD HAPPENED AND WHAT STORIES THE DEBRIS WAS TELLING.>>WE SAW THESE TWO IMAGES HERE AND PEOPLE STARTED TO NOTICE THAT THERE WERE WHAT LOOKED TO BE PUNCTURE, SORT OF ENTRY POINTS INTO THIS PART OF THE AIRPLANE. AND SOME PEOPLE SAID THAT COULD BE INDICATIVE OF SHRAPNEL FROM A MISSILE. BUT AT THIS POINT IT WAS WAY TOO EARLY TO JUMP TO THOSE CONCLUSIONS.>>Adrienne: WITHIN HOURS TWO MORE CRUCIAL IMAGES EMERGE FROM USERS CLAIMING TO BE IN IRAN. DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES ON WHAT SEEMS TO BE BITS OF A TOR MISSILE WHICH TEHRAN USES. EVERYTHING CHANGED WITH THE VIDEOS. THE MATHEMATICALLY MINDED, THE INDEPENDENT, WENT TO WORK STUDYING THEM. THE ANGLES AND THE LANDMARKS, IT GOT CLEARER.>>ONE OF MY COLLEAGUES CREATED A PANORAMA. SO IN THIS CASE THE CUES THAT WE FOUND WERE BLOCKED BUILDINGS, RIGHT? THERE’S SOMETHING LIKE LIGHT POLES HERE. AND ALSO WE SAW SOMETHING LIKE A CONSTRUCTION SITE.>>Adrienne: BECAUSE INFORMATION IS POWER, THEY STARTED A THOROUGH LIBRARY. NEARLY 200 VISUALS COLLECTED AND ARCHIVED BECAUSE SOME HAVE ALREADY STARTED TO DISAPPEAR ONLINE. AVERAGE CITIZENS WERE ON THEIR WAY TO EXPOSING THE TRUTH. INCLUDING CRUCIALLY WHERE THE MISSILE MIGHT HAVE COME FROM.>>AND IF YOU WAIT A COUPLE SECONDS YOU SEE THE FLASH OF THE EXPLOSION. THAT’S THE MISSILE IN THE AIR.>>Adrienne: THAT GOES STRAIGHT UP?>>YES, IT APPEARS TO DO SO, RIGHT? SO BASED ON A BUNCH OF FACTORS THAT WE CAN FIGURE OUT, INCLUDING AN ESTIMATED ANGLE AT WHICH THE MISSILE CAME OUT WE CAN GET AN ESTIMATE WHERE THE MISSILE WAS LAUNCHED. SO THE VANTAGE POINT WAS IN THIS DIRECTION. YOU SEE THE MISSILE COMING FROM BEHIND A HILL. AND THAT TELLS US THAT THERE ARE MILITARY BASES IN THIS AREA.>>Adrienne: THAT DOESN’T SETTLE ANYTHING. IRAN MAKING ARRESTS ISN’T A CONCLUSION EITHER. HOW COULD AN OPERATOR MISTAKE AN AIRLINER LIKE THAT? WHO GAVE THE ORDERS? WHY WERE SO MANY POINTING CAMERAS AT THE SKY AT THAT MOMENT?>>PEOPLE IN IRAN IN THIS PARTICULAR AREA WOULD HAVE BEEN TRYING TO GO TO SLEEP. THEY WOULD HAVE HEARD AN EXPLOSION. THEY WOULD HAVE RUN OUTSIDE WITH THEIR CAMERAS AND POINTED IT IN THE DIRECTION THAT THEY THOUGHT THEY HEARD IT FROM AND WHAT THEY CAPTURED WAS THE SECOND MISSILE.>>Adrienne: THAT THERE WAS A SECOND MISSILE WAS JUST A THEORY UNTIL A VIDEO EMERGED TODAY, SEEMING TO SHOW TWO MISSILES FIRED ABOUT 30 SECONDS APART. SO THEY CAN CHOOSE TO HAND OVER IT OR NOT, OR CHOOSE TO BULLDOZE THE SITE OR NOT, BUT IT SOUNDS LIKE THE TRUTH WILL FIND ITS WAY ANYWAY.>>THAT’S WHAT WE HOPED AND THAT’S WHY WE DO THIS SORT OF WORK. WE WANT TO PRESERVE DIGITAL EVIDENCE IN THE EVENT THAT SOME POWERFUL ACTOR DECIDES THEY’RE NOT GOING TO TELL US WHAT HAPPENED AND THEY’RE NOT GOING TO BE TRUTHFUL.>>Adrienne: INVESTIGATORS, INCLUDING CANADIANS, ARE NOW ON THE GROUND. THE WORK AHEAD IS HARD, BUT THERE IS A BIT OF A HEADSTART. THANKS TO THOSE WHO GOT UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THAT TERRIBLE NIGHT ONE WEEK AGO. TODAY THERE WERE REPORTS THAT IRANIAN AUTHORITIES ARRESTED THE PERSON WHO CAPTURED THE VIDEO SHOWING FLIGHT 752 BEING HIT BY A MISSILE. BUT THOSE REPORTS ARE FALSE. THAT VIDEO WAS SENT TO AN IRANIAN ACTIVIST IN LONDON WHO WAS THE VERY FIRST PERSON TO POST IT TO SOCIAL MEDIA. WE HAD QUESTIONS FOR HIM AND WE SPOKE WITH HIM EARLIER TODAY. HE IS JOINING US FROM LONDON. YOU’RE THE PERSON WHO FIRST POSTED SOME OF THE VIDEOS THAT WE SAW OUT OF IRAN. I’M CURIOUS, WHY WAS THAT VIDEO SENT TO YOU?>>BASICALLY I LAUNCHED A CHANNEL ON THE 8TH OF JANUARY AND ASKING PEOPLE IF THEY SAW SOMETHING THEY CAN SEND IT OVER AND I CAN PUT IT ON THE CHANNEL FOR ANYONE TO HAVE IT, ALL OF THE MATERIAL IN ONE PLACE.>>Adrienne: SO THERE WERE SOME REPORTS, NARIMAN, THAT THE PERSON WHO SHOT THAT VIDEO WAS ARRESTED, WHAT CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT THAT?>>THAT PERSON IS NOT ARRESTED. I SPOKE TO HIM THIS MORNING.>>Adrienne: DO YOU HAVE ANY REASON TO BELIEVE THAT PEOPLE ARE BEING SUFFICIENTLY HARASSED ON THE GROUND, THAT THEY’RE NOW AFRAID?>>YES, I KNOW THAT SOME PEOPLE — WELL, MY JOB IS TO HELP JOURNALISTS IN IRAN SO I’M SECURING THE EMAILS AND HELPING THEM SO THEY HAVE SAFETY ONLINE. SO I KNOW THAT MANY, MANY IN IRAN AND THEY HAVEN’T ARRESTED MY SOURCE YET.>>Adrienne: NARIMAN, YOU POSTED SOMETHING SUGGESTING THAT YOU WANT SOMETHING FROM THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. WHAT IS THAT?>>YES, I’M EXPECTING THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT TO NOT GIVE UP. AND THEY’RE ASKING THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT FOR JUSTICE. AND I’M ASKING THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT TO SEEK FOR THAT JUSTICE FOR ITS OWN CITIZENS. JUSTIN TRUDEAU SHOULD DO THIS.>>Adrienne: OKAY. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>Andrew: AND NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL,” CALLING FOR CHANGE IN AUSTRALIA.>>WE CAN’T JUST PRETEND SOMEONE ELSE IS GOING TO FIX THIS FOR US. WE CAN’T SIT HERE THINKING THAT IT WILL GO AWAY.>>Andrew: THIS COUPLE FOUGHT OFF THE FLAMES AND NOW THEY WANT ACTION. THEIR STORY NEXT. (*)>>WELL, YOU KNOW, 15 MINUTES BEFORE IT WAS BURNING SO ACTIVELY THAT WE COULDN’T — WE COULDN’T GO IN THERE. WE HAD TO PULL OUT OF THERE.>>Andrew: THAT’S 22-YEAR-OLD MANITOBA FIREFIGHTER MATT WOEMAN, JUST ONE OF THE CANADIANS HELPING WITH THE AUSTRALIAN BUSHFIRES. HE WAS ON THE COUNTRY IN HOLIDAY. WHEN HE GOT A LOOK AT THE SITUATION HE CANCELLED HIS PLANS AND SIGNED UP. OTTAWA ANNOUNCED THAT 69 MORE FIREFIGHTERS WILL JOIN THEM AND THEY’LL HAVE THE WORK CUT OUT FOR THEM FOR THE 200 FIRES THAT CONTINUE TO BURN. THEY’RE CHOKING MELBOURNE WHERE THE AUSTRALIAN OPEN IS UNDERWAY. THE SLOVENIAN TENNIS STAR ACTUALLY COLLAPSED IN A COUGHING FIT DURING HER QUALIFYING MATCH TODAY. STILL, THE BATTLE GOES ON. AND A GRATEFUL NATION CONTINUES TO HONOUR THOSE ON THE FRONTLINES. NOW AMID THE DEVASTATION, THERE ARE POCKETS THAT SURVIVED THE FLAMES. DAVID COMMON MET SOME DETERMINED FARMERS WHO SAVED THEIR OWN HOME, AND NOW THEY WANT ACTION.>>Reporter: AUSTRALIA LOOKS APOCALYPTIC, FIRES BURNING HOTTER, ADVANCING FASTER, MOVING MORE ERRATICALLY. FACING THESE CHANGES MANY PEOPLE WHO RELY ON THE LAND POINTED TO CLIMATE CHANGE AS A DRIVING FORCE OF THE FIRES.>>WHAT WE’RE SEEING THIS YEAR IS JUST FIRE ABOVE ANYTHING THAT ANYBODY HAS REALLY EXPECTED I THINK. THE WHOLE EAST COAST OF AUSTRALIA WAS ON FIRE AND NOT JUST ON FIRE, BUT WITH HUGE TERRIFYING INFERNOS. YEAH, THAT’S NOT NORMAL.>>IT’S LOOKING DOWN DEATH ROW…>>Reporter: WHEN THE SKY DARKENED AND THE HORIZON TURNED ORANGE, NICK AND ANNABEL AND THEIR SON-IN-LAW WERE ALONE AND TRYING TO STOP THE FIRE FROM CONSUMING THEIR HOME, MILL FARM, THEIR PARADISE. A PLACE THEY HAD MOVED TO BECAUSE OF ITS REPUTATION FOR BEING LUSH AND WET. SUDDENLY FACING EXTERMINATION BY A WALL OF FLAMES.>>LOOK, IT’S NOT SO MUCH THAT THINKING AT THAT POINT, IT’S REACTING. IT’S AN INATE SENSE OF SELF-PROTECTION THAT KICKS IN.>>Reporter: THIS IS YOUR FIRE TRUCK?>>YEP.>>Reporter: THIS IS YOUR FIRE GEAR?>>THAT’S IT.>>Reporter: HELMET?>>YEP. THAT’S A HELMET AND EYE PROTECTION…>>Reporter: NO FIREFIGHTERS, JUST THEM AND WHAT THEY HAD PREPARED. AND IT WORKED. BUT ONLY JUST. STOPPING THE FLAMES THREATENING THEIR HOBBY FARM. THEIR NEIGHBOURS WEREN’T SO LUCKY. EXHAUSTED AS THEY WERE BY THE END OF IT, THEY KNOW THE THREAT IS ONLY GETTING BIGGER.>>IT’S A TRAGEDY BEYOND THE SCALE THAT WE HAD HOPED TO EVER SEE. BUT I REALLY HOPE PEOPLE WAKE UP BECAUSE WE CAN’T JUST PRETEND THAT SOMEONE ELSE IS GOING TO FIX THIS FOR US. WE CAN’T SIT HERE THINKING THAT IT WILL GO AWAY. WE’RE SEEING THE FRUITS OF OUR LABOUR. YOU KNOW, WE’RE SEEING THE DAMAGE THAT WE’VE CREATED.>>IT’S A GLOBAL PROBLEM. DON’T THINK THAT THIS IS JUST AUSTRALIA.>>Reporter: THAT GLOBAL PROBLEM IS CLIMATE CHANGE. AND WHILE IT MAY NOT HAVE IGNITED AUSTRALIA’S FIRES IT HAS WORSENED THEM. SOMEBODY DIDN’T GET THEIR CAR OUT IN TIME. UP THE ROAD FROM MILL FARM WE DRIVE THROUGH 200 SMOKE CHOKED KILOMETRES. IT HAS BEEN BURNED, PAST DOZENS OF RAZED HOMES AND STRUCK BY JUST HOW VAST THIS SEASON’S FIRES HAVE BEEN AND HOW LITTLE TIME THAT PEOPLE HAD TO REACT. IT’S ARBITRARY, THE FIRE. YOU KEEP SEEING EVIDENCE OF THAT. THIS PLACE IS KNOCKED OUT BUT THE PLACES ACROSS THE STREET ARE OKAY. ALL THE RESULT OF WHERE EMBERS FALL. AND THEN THERE’S THE SPEED. WHEN THE FIRE HIT THE PEOPLE IN THIS HOME WERE DOING THEIR LAUNDRY. STILL SITTING ON THE LINE. AUSTRALIA IS HOTTER NOW THAN IT’S EVER BEEN. DRYER TOO. THE WHOLE ISLAND BECOMING EVER MORE CONDUCIVE TO MONSTER BUSHFIRES. NICK AND ANNABEL LIVE AT MILL FARM WITH THEIR DAUGHTER’S FAMILY, TIFFANY, HER HUSBAND AND HER SON, GEORGE. AND SHE IS DEEPLY WORRIED ABOUT THE FUTURE HE FACES.>>I THINK THAT OUR POLITICIANS, I THINK THAT THEY’RE SCARED. THEY’RE IN A COMFORTABLE POSITION AT THE MOMENT AND I DON’T THINK THEY QUITE CARE ABOUT THE LAND BECAUSE THEY’RE NOT LIVING ON IT. I THINK THAT THEY’RE GETTING A LOT OF MONEY AND POWER FROM THE WAY THEY’RE DOING THINGS AT THE MOMENT. AND I DON’T THINK THAT IT’S POLITICIANS NOW, I THINK THAT IT’S 40 YEARS OF INACTION AND IT’S 40 YEARS OF DENYING WHAT’S GOING ON.>>Reporter: SO WHAT IF THIS ISN’T ENOUGH? WHAT IF THIS ISN’T THE THING THAT PROMPTS THE ACTION THAT YOU ARE SUGGESTING THAT IS NEEDED?>>WE’LL KEEP SEEING MORE AND MORE OF THESE EVENTS AND IT’S A BIT OF A SNOWBALL EFFECT. AND IT’S SCARY. ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU HAVE A YOUNG CHILD OR STARTING A FAMILY, IT’S VERY SCARY.>>Reporter: FOR GEORGE’S DAD, PAT CROWLEY-BACON, THE FIRES HAVE MEANT LEAVING HOME THAT ONCE WAS SAFE, TO TRY TO SAVE OTHERS ON THE BATTLE ON THE HOMEFRONT WITH AUSTRALIA’S ARMY.>>EVERYONE IS DOING THEIR PART AND WE’LL GET THROUGH THIS QUICKER. AND WE HAVE BEEN GOING THROUGH COMMUNITIES AND BRINGING THEM FOOD AND GOODS THAT THEY HAVEN’T HAD UP TO 10 DAYS AND NOW WE’RE HEADING OUT WITH SOME OPERATIONS.>>Reporter: PAT IS RESTRICTED FROM SPEAKING HIS MIND. BUT IT DOESN’T MEAN THAT HE DOESN’T HAVE OPINIONS.>>AS FAR AS THE GOVERNMENT, WE’LL SEE HOW THE NEXT ELECTIONS GO. THAT’S ALL I CAN SAY ABOUT THAT.>>IT’S TIME TO WAKE UP.>>Reporter: OTHERS ARE OPENLY CALLING FOR CHANGE, SAY THAT THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL FUTURE DEPENDS ON IT.>>HOPEFULLY NOW THAT THE COUNTRY IS BURNING, THAT IS A BAD WAY FOR IT TO HAPPEN, BUT HOPEFULLY PEOPLE WILL TAKE NOTICE SO WE CAN ACTUALLY MAKE CHANGE.>>HEY, HEY, HO, HO…>>Reporter: WEEKLY CLIMATE ACTION PROTESTS IN AUSTRALIA TARGET THE PRIME MINISTER, SCOTT MORRISON. TUM-LIKE CHARACTER. THAT GOVERNMENT HAS RESISTED SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE, PROTECTING THE COUNTRY’S RICH COAL EXPORT INDUSTRY. IT’S THE WORLD’S LARGEST.>>IT’S GOING TO BE GEORGE’S FIRST DRESS-UP SUIT WHEN HE GOES TO PRESCHOOL ONE DAY.>>Reporter: AT MILL FARM, GEORGE WILL NEED TO GROW INTO THIS COSTUME. BUT AS FIRES CONTINUE TO WORSEN, ACT ERRATICALLY AND CAUSE MORE DAMAGE, THE COSTUME MAY BE A PROPHESY OF HIS FUTURE. DAVID COMMON, CBC NEWS, AUSTRALIA.>>Andrew: IT’S EASY TO FEEL HELPLESS IN THE FACE OF WHAT IS HAPPENING IN AUSTRALIA RIGHT NOW.>>Adrienne: BUT NEXT IN OUR “MOMENT,” ONE CANADIAN DOING SOMETHING SMALL TO HELP.>>I’M A CROCHETER AND I’M SAVING THE WORLD, YOU KNOW?>>Adrienne: WE’RE BACK RIGHT AFTER THIS. (*) >>FOR MONTHS, THE WORLD HAS BEEN WATCHING AUSTRALIA BURN. HORRIFIED, SAD, AND NOW, THE MISSION TO HELP SOME OF THE INJURED SURVIVORS OF THOSE WILDFIRES, THE ANIMALS WHO RAN FROM THE FLAMES BUT DIDN’T REALLY ESCAPE THEM ENTIRELY. ENTER THE CRAFTERS, A GROUP CALLED OUT TO HELP MAKE WRAPS FOR INJURED ANIMALS, KOALA MITTS, EVEN BAT VATS. AND TONIGHT, THAT’S OUR “MOMENT.” >>I’M AN AVID CROCHETER, AND I WANTED TO HELP. AUSTRALIA HAS BEEN ASKING FOR THE JOEY POUCHS, THE BIRD NEST. SO EVERYBODY’S MAKING SOMETHING THAT THEY FEEL CONNECTED TO. NOW, THE TALK IS ON THESE PROJECTS IS WHO CAN WE HELP NEXT? THIS SEEMS TO BE GROWING INTO A WORLDWIDE INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT. IT JUST TAKES ONE PERSON FOR CHANGE TO BE CREATED. AS A CROCHETER, I’VE BEEN TOLD O THEIR FIREFIGHTING SKILLS. >>Adrienne: YEAH. IT’S AMAZING.

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